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Korean J Child Stud > Volume 17(1); 1996 > Article
Korean Journal of Child Studies 1996;17(1): 275-288.
과제의 부담과 종류에 따른 아동의 친사회적 도덕추론과 친사회적 행동
이옥경, 이순형
Children's Prosocial Moral Reasoning and Prosocial Behavior
Ok Kyung Lee,Soon Hyung Yi
The purposes of this study were to investigate children`s prosocial behavior by age and sex and to examine the relationship between children`s prosocial moral reasoning and prosocial behavior by costs and types of tasks. The subjects were 300 3th-and 6th-graders enrolled in elementary schools in Seoul. The revised form of Prosocial Moral Dilemmas including costs and types of tasks was used. The tasks of prosocial behaviors included time-cost tasks, money-cost tasks and physical strength-cost tasks. For data analysis, the paired t-test, two-way ANOVA, and Pearson`s Correlations were used. Major findings were as follows; (1)There was age difference in children`s prosocial behavior. 6th-graders performed at a higher level than 3th-graders. Sex differences weren`t significant. In low- and high-cost tasks and in time-, money-, and physical strength-cost tasks, there were (2) Scores on high-cost behavior tasks were higher than on low-cost tasks. (3) Children`s prosocial moral reasoning was positively related to prosocial behavior; in low- and high-cost tasks, and in time-, money-, and physical strength-cost tasks.
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