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Korean J Child Stud > Volume 19(2); 1998 > Article
Korean Journal of Child Studies 1998;19(2): 201-215.
초등학교 ' 읽기 ' 교과서의 철학교육적 접근
박소연, 정대련
A Study of Philosophical Thinking Methods in Elementary School " Reading " Textbooks
So Yeon Park,Dae Ryun Chung
Abstract
This study analyzed the contents of "Reading" textbooks for 1st-6th grades. The focus of the analysis was on philosophical thinking methods designed to help children to think for themselves. Following the analysis, methods were designed for the application of effective use of Philosophy in the elementary school curriculum. Analysis of works of children`s literature in "reading" textbooks show patterns of logical, ethical and creative thinking. Therefore, "reading" textbooks can be used to help children to think philosophically. Five stages of discussion can be applied in the classroom; these are: establish the issues, outline the process of discussion, discuss the issues, evaluate and summarize the discussion, apply the learning to other subjects. Teachers can use philosophical thinking methods to improve the quality and quantity of instruction with various questions, having children express their opinions, interpreting their thoughts clearly, maintaining logical consistency, and evaluating the procedures and results of discussion. These methods can be used in the teaching-learning process in the elementary school to develop rich findings and meaningful communication.
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