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Korean J Child Stud > Volume 26(1); 2005 > Article
Korean Journal of Child Studies 2005;26(1): 329-345.
탄력적인 아동의 보호요인 연구 -아동의 성과 지능, 어머니 양육행동 및 사회경제적 지위를 중심으로-
이용준 , 박경자
Stressful Life Experience and Protective Factors of Resilient Children
Yong Jun Lee , Kyung Ja Park
Gender and intelligence of children, parenting practices and socioeconomic status of parents were studied to investigate whether they functioned as protective factors for resilient children. Total of 556 children of 12 years of age were contacted for the study. Teachers were asked to rate the children`s interpersonal competence. Children reported their experience of stressful life events on a checklist. Based on the competence scores and the experience of stressful life events, 107 children were classified into adaptive, resilient, and maladaptive group. IQ scores were assessed using an intelligence test for the 107 children. Mothers reported their parenting practices and their socioeconomic status through a questionnaire. Descriptive statistics, chi-squares, t-tests, and one-way ANOVAs were performed to analyze the data. There was no difference in their experience of stressful life events between boys and girls. Girls were rated as being more competent by their teachers. There were more girls in the adaptive and the resilient group and more boys in the maladaptive group. Children in adaptive and the resilient group had higher intelligence scores than the maladaptive group. Mothers of resilient children replied as being warm and acceptive and more refusing and controlling than mothers of the adaptive children. Group differences in socioeconomic status of the family were not found. Thus, being a girl and having higher IQ scores were the protective factors for the resilient children.
Key Words: resilience, adverse Life event, competence, protective factor, intelligence, mother`s parenting, socioeconomic status
주요어: 탄력성, 역경 생활사건, 유능성, 보호요인, 지능, 어머니 양육행동, 사회경제적 지위
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