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Korean J Child Stud > Volume 35(5); 2014 > Article
Korean Journal of Child Studies 2014;35(5): 83-98.
doi: https://doi.org/10.5723/KJCS.2014.35.5.83
모자 간 눈 맞춤(eye-contact)이 어머니의 통제 행동과 유아의 정서와의 관계에 미치는 영향
송하나
Contents : The Influence of Eye-Contact between Mothers and Preschool Children upon the Relationship between Mothers` Control Behaviors and Children`s Emotions
Ha Na Song
Abstract
This study examined the influences of eye-contact upon the relationship between mothers` control behaviors and emotions of preschool children. The participants of this study were 66 children aged 6, and their mothers. The children and mothers were observed taking part in a writing task for 15 minutes, and two coders analyzed the amount of eye-contact between children and mothers, mothers` verbal and nonverbal support and coercive control, and children`s emotions in the task setting. The results showed that mothers` coercive control and nonverbal support significantly accounted for children`s negative and positive emotions, respectively. In addition, the interaction between eye-contact and mothers` verbal support was significant. In particular, mothers` behaviors significantly affected children`s emotions only when eye-contact occurred. Mothers` behaviors in the absence of eye-contact did not affect children`s emotions. The discussion section included an analysis of the social function of eye-contact on the verbal and nonverbal communication between mothers and children, and suggestions for future study were also presented.
Key Words: eye-contact, nonverbal interaction, mothers` control behavior, emotion of preschool children
주요어: 눈 맞춤, 비언어적 상호작용, 어머니 통제 행동, 유아의 정서
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