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Korean J Child Stud > Volume 35(2); 2014 > Article
Korean Journal of Child Studies 2014;35(2): 85-102.
doi: https://doi.org/10.5723/KJCS.2014.35.2.85
유아의 인종적 신체 특징 인식, 외모와 언어 단서에 따른내집단 범주화 및 선호도
이정민 , 이강이
Children`s Awareness of Racial Features, Racial In-Group Classification andRacial Preference According to Visual and Language Features
Jung Min Lee , Kang Yi Lee
Abstract
The purpose of this study was to examine the awareness of racial features, racial in-group classification and preference by Korean children. The study participants comprised 89 children aged 3-5 years. The children performed photograph description and choice tasks. The major findings were as follows: First, older children were significantly more likely than younger children to use racial feature and less likely to use general physical feature to describe the stimuli. Second, children tended to select the South-Asian person speaking in Korean language as a Korean, rather than the Korean person speaking in English. Third, children tended to select the person of Korean appearance speaking in English as a playmate. The result revealed the developmental features of racial awareness. Furthermore the correspondence of language plays an important role on the children`s in-group classification whereas the correspondence of appearance plays an important role on the children`s preference.
Key Words: awareness of racial features, racial in-group classification, racial preference, language
주요어: 인종적 신체특징 인식, 내집단 범주화, 선호도, 언어
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